Abstract

Research Article

Chronic Kidney Disease: A single day screening on World Kidney Day for five consecutive years

Rai Pradeep K*, Rai Punam and Bedi Sonam

Published: 12 March, 2019 | Volume 3 - Issue 1 | Pages: 046-054

Introduction: Chronic kidney disease is a costly and burdensome public health concern. Delayed recognition and treatment of CKD may predispose patients to unfavorable future outcomes and burden the healthcare services. The early detection of disease via screening programs is widely recommended. The present study is a hospital camp-based screening for detecting patients with chronic kidney disease in Varanasi from 2014-18.

Methods: The study subjects constituted 436 apparently healthy adults (age ≥18 years) of Varanasi. Information on socio-demographic profile, personal characteristics and clinical investigations were recorded. Stepwise binary logistic regression analysis was applied to find the significant predictors of chronic kidney disease.

Results: Median age of the study subjects was 40.5 years. There were 39.7% males and 60.3% females. Chronic kidney disease was found in 23.9% subjects. Underweight, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking status and higher creatinine levels came out as significant predictors of chronic kidney disease.

Conclusion: We screened apparently healthy individuals and found very high percentages of chronic kidney disease and its predictors. Henceforth, understanding the preventable and modifiable risk factors of chronic kidney disease becomes a prerequisite to intervene before risk populations reaches to irreversible stages of adverse future outcomes.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.jcn.1001025 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF

Keywords:

Chronic kidney disease; Serum creatinine; Albuminuria; Hypertension; Diabetes mellitus; Smoking

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